Types of Pipelines

Types of pipelines


In general, pipelines can be classified in three categories depending on purpose:

1. Gathering pipelines These are smaller interconnected pipelines forming complex networks with the purpose of bringing crude oil or natural gas from several nearby wells to a treatment plant or processing facility. In this group, pipelines are usually short - a couple of hundred meters - and with small diameters. Also sub-sea pipelines for collecting product from deep water production platforms are considered gathering systems.

2. Transportation pipelines Mainly long pipes with large diameters, moving products (oil, gas,
refined products) between cities, countries and even continents. These transportation networks include several compressor stations in gas lines or pump stations for crude and multiproducts pipelines.

3. Distribution pipelines Composed of several interconnected pipelines with small diameters, used to take the products to the
final consumer. Feeder lines to distribute gas to homes and businesses downstream, also pipelines at terminals for distributing products to tanks and storage facilities are included in this group.

Beverage pipelines

Bars in the Veltins-Arena, a major football ground in Gelsenkirchen, Germany, are interconnected by a 5 km long beer pipeline. It is the favourite method for distributing beer in such large stadiums because the bars have to overcome big differences between demands during various stages of a match; this allows them to be supplied by a central tank.

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