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Kolumbaarium

Reiska, Eva (2014) Kolumbaarium. [thesis] [en] Columbarium.

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Abstract

Termin ,,kolumbaarium“ tuleneb ladinakeelest sõnast columba, mis otsetõlkes tähendab tuvi. Algselt olidki kolumbaariumid mõeldud tuvide kasvatamiseks. Sarnane kambritega geomeetria kandus aga edasi kalmistuarhitektuuri, tähendades urnimüüri või tuhaurnidele mõeldud hoonet. Diplomitöö raames koostatud kolumbaariumiprojekt on kavandatud endise Jaani seegi kalmistu alale Tallinna südalinna, kuhu on soodne ligipääs nii jalgsi, ühistranspordi kui autoga, soodustamaks surnud omaste külastamise traditsiooni jätkumist ja pakkumaks nii linlasele kui külalisele rahulikku paika mõtisklusteks ning Tornimäe ruumikogemust linnavaadete näol. Valminud ideelahendus pakub üht võimalust, kuidas lahendada kirstumatuste kohtade otsalõppemisest tekkinud ruumipuudus olemasolevatel linna kalmistutel. Lisaks loob atraktiivne ruum südalinnas matmiskommete jätkamiseks rohkem mõtte- ja kõnepinda. Surm on inimese igapäevane kaaslane ja see ei ole nähtus, mida peaks populariseerima. See lihtsalt on. Samas, elu väärtustamiseks on oluline surma olemasolu tunnistamine. Monumentaalne igavikuline arhitektuur aitab ruumikogemuse ning visuaalse olemuse näol viia inimest nende mõteteni. Iga arhitektuurse objekti muudab unikaalseks koht, kus see paikneb, ning aeg, millal see on ehitatud. Kolumbaariumi loomisel on arvestatud ajaloolise Jaani seegi kiriku olemusega ja jäetud selle ümber sakraalhoone tüpoloogiale omast vaba ruumi. Samas on kolumbaariumitorn ise ehitatud praeguse hetke koha tüpoloogiat arvesse võttes kõrghoonena. Tulevikku vaadatuna saab hoone terviklikuks siis, kui iga kamber on kaetud metallplaadiga ning hoiab endas inimese maiseid säilmeid. Ja kes teab, võib-olla kauges-kauges tulevikus võtavad hoone taaskasutusele tuvid.

Abstract [en]

The design solution for a columbarium at Tallinn St John the Baptist’s almshouse has been prepared as a graduation project in the field of applied architecture at the Faculty of Architectural and Environmental Engineering in TTK University of Applied Sciences. The aim of the project is to create a varied cityscape that would be both pleasing to the eye and that encourages walkers to linger. At the same time, the design provides an idea for dealing with the shortage of burial places in Tallinn cemeteries. The location for this columbarium was chosen in the downtown of Tallinn where the former cemetery of St John the Baptist’s almshouse had been located. The property has easy access on foot, by car and by public transport helping to carry on an Estonian tradition of visiting the grave sites of their loved ones. The site with its 18th century almshouse building and surrounding modern high-rise structures suggested the idea of a columbarium tower. In this way both the existing sacred building, which is much smaller than the surrounding buildings, and the columbarium, a monumental high-rise, are provided the appropriate relative space. Thus, the plot incorporates two separate buildings, joined by a sunken square. There is a cafe at one side of the square, as well as an entrance to the columbarium and access to underground parking. The two buildings are connected via underground passageway. The project adds another attractive place in downtown Tallinn by the creation of the high columbarium tower with its wind chimes and tea room, all located next to an historic landmark.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Tomomi Hayashi
Subjects: Architecture > Applied Architecture > Architectural Design
Divisions: Institute of Architecture > Applied Architecture
Depositing User: Eva Reiska
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2014 07:09
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2014 07:09
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/878

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