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Paljassaare poolsaare planeering

Kontor, Lenne (2014) Paljassaare poolsaare planeering. [thesis] [en] The planning of the Paljassaare peninsula.

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Abstract

Tallinna linna jätkusuutlikule arengule töötab vastu järjest süvenev valglinnastumine, kus üha kasvav elanikkond suundub elama linna äärealadele või naabervaldadesse. Linna tasakaaluka arengu tagamiseks peaksime soodustama valglinnastumise asemel taaslinnastumist. Kompaktne ja hästi funktsioneeriv linnakeskkond on selle kasutajatele kutsuv ja meeldiv. Tallinnas on täna veel mitmeid endiseid sõjaväe- või tööstusalasid, mis omavad suurt arengupotentsiaali avalikuks ruumiks ja elamualadeks. Põnev avalik ruum, mitmekesised elupaigad, väljakujunenud rannaalad ja hea ühendus linna eri osade vahel võiksid olla linnaruumi kujundamise peamised märksõnad, et luua aktiivne kasutus. Paljassaare poolsaare puhul on tegemist ühe sellise alaga, millel on linnaruumi arengus oluline ja täna veel kasutamata potentsiaal. Paljassaare poolsaare kasutuselevõtt nii elu-, äri- kui avaliku alana on linna arengut toetav, ent oluline on uue keskkonna kujundamisel lähtuda konkreetse koha eeldustest. Paljassaarel on eriline looduskeskkond, mis asub kesklinnale lähedal ning seetõttu on oluline seda teadvustada ja sellega arvestada. Poolsaarele on võimalik luua uue erilise kvaliteediga avalikku ruumi, mitmekesiseid elamispindu lopsakas ja kohati metsikus looduses ning huvitavaid paiku, mis eksisteerivaid vaid sellel alal ning suurendavad nii ala populaarsust. Käesoleva töö planeeringuala on oma mitmekesiste funktsioonidega justkui ühenduslüli naaberalade arenduspiirkondade, mere ja olemasoleva olukorra vahel ning seob need tervikuks. Katkematu haljaskoridor säilitab poolsaare identiteedi ning loob põneva keskkonna linnaruumis. Oluline on muuta poolsaare tänast infrastruktuurset olukorda, kus puudub sidusus ning poolsaar lõpeb tupikuga. Jalakäijal ja kergliiklejal peaks olema liikumiseks samuti palju alternatiive erinevate marsruutide ja keskkondade vahel. Inimesele sõbralikus ja kutsuvas linnaruumis on käesoleva töö autori arvates olemas vahetu ühendus loodusega. Läbimõeldud keskkonda sobituv planeering ja kvaliteetse avaliku ruumi loomine toovad inimesed linnaruumi kasutama. Avalikul ruumil võiks taas olla mitmeid funktsioone ning tänavaruumi vahetu kogemine võiks olla osa inimeste igapäevaelust.

Abstract [en]

There has been many positive changes in recent years in Tallinn’s cityspace. Tallinn has increased its popularity as a marine city by opening and designing the coastline that has been many years closed to the public because of the army or industries. Urban space of Tallinn is more attractive due to the construction of contemporary buildings and renovation of older buildings. However, there are still lots of areas that need development and involvment to the city. Urban sprawl, a process that describes the expansion of human populations away from the central areas of the city, also prevents sustainable development of the city. People living in peripheral areas causes many problems- traffic congestions, insufficient public transport and low availability of daily services. The main reasons why people decide to live away from the city seem to be a wider selection of different and unique living spaces, better privacy, affordable real estate prices and more greenery. Tallinn has a potential to offer all these values in the city by taking former industrial areas into use. If the city is more compact and concentrated, it is more easier to make it efficient to its inhabitants. One of these former industrial areas is the Paljassaare peninsula. It is located near the centre of Tallinn, about 3,3 km from the Old Town to the north and has a very unique natural environment. In the northern part of the peninsula there is a famous bird sanctuary which gives the peninsula its unique essence. The planning area of this dissertation is situated next to the bird sanctuary in the middle of the Paljassaare peninsula. The main purpose of taking this area into use is to provide different public spaces, multitude of living areas, offices and commercial spaces in a unique natural environment. It is also important to provide a wide range of infrastructure to the pedestrians and cyclists. One of the main purposes is to preserve the greenery of the peninsula and design a „green corridor“ from the Paljassaare bird sanctuary to the Merimetsa woods. This „green corridor“ provides more areas for nesting and food for the birds and creates a different urban space for local people. Contemporary, attractive and different cityspace provides a variety of public space, living areas and commercial spaces that increase the usage of the city.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Ott Kadarik
Subjects: Architecture > Applied Architecture > Architectural Design
Architecture > Applied Architecture > Town Planning Analysis
Divisions: Institute of Architecture > Applied Architecture
Depositing User: Lenne Kontor
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2014 06:37
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2014 06:38
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/756

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