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Kodutute majutusüksus Tallinnas

Pihlamäe, Priit (2019) Kodutute majutusüksus Tallinnas. [thesis] [en] Housing Unit for Homeless in Tallinn.

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Abstract

Kodu kaotamine võib olla inimese jaoks dramaatiline pöördepunkt, kuid niisama pöördeline on selle taasleidmine. Selle diplomitöö eesmärk on uurida kodutute olukorda Eestis ning majutusvõimalusi ning strateegiaid kodutuse probleemiga tegelemiseks ning praktiline väljund on kodutute majutusüksuse ideelahendus Tallinnas, Keava tänaval. Traditsioonilises astmelises süsteemis peab peavarjuta isik end pidevalt tõestama, et tõusta järgmisele astmele. Väljaspool Eestit on hakanud levima mudel, mis jätab kõrvale nõudmised isikuomadustele ning paneb kodutuse lahendamisel põhirõhu kindla eluasemega varustamisele. Tänavalt otse kohta, mida võib nimetada koduks. Keava tänava lähiümbrus on peamiselt elamupiirkond, kuid jalutuskäigu kaugusel on nii ühistranspordipeatused, lasteaed ja potentsiaalsed töökohad. Keava 7a ning 9 on munitsipaalomandis ning on võimalik, et soovi korral saab see töö väljuda akadeemilistest raamidest. Krundil on üks olemasolev kaarhall, ning projektlahendus näeb ette selle likvideerimist. Väljapakutud lahenduses on kaks hoonet, millest tänavapoolsem on teenindava. Soklikorrusel on parkimine. Esimesel korrusel saab pidada avalikult kasutatavat kohvikut või söögikohta. Teisel korrusel on koolituskeskus auditooriumitega ning kolmas korrus on kontori või büroofunktsiooniga. Eluhoone astub on tänavalt eemal ning asetub krundile põhja-lõunasuunaliselt, mis võimaldab tsentraalse koridoriga optimaalset tubade paigutust selliselt, et päikesevalgus jõuaks kõikidesse eluruumidesse. Kõikides tubades on kööginurk ning WC ja pesemisvõimalused. Kodutunnet aitab luua avar hoov, viljapuude ning peenramaaga. Autor soovib tänada töö juhendajaid ning kõiki isikuid, kes aitasid kaasa mõelda ning aru saada sellest pealtnäha sirgjoonelisest, kuid mitmekihilisest nähtusest, mida nimetame kodutuseks.

Abstract [en]

Losing home can be dramatic turning point in persons life. Finding it again is just as revolutionary. The goal of following thesis Housing Unit for Homeless in Tallinn is to investigate homelessness situation in Estonia and strategies and current situation of housing people without homes. Practical outcome is conceptual design example of housing unit on the street of Keava. Traditional social system approach demands person do meet requirements before rising to another step of better housing. Outside the borders of Estonia there has been developed another way of solving homelessness. It prioritizes housing and separates it from social services. Housing first approach means from street straight to a place which one can call home. Surrounding of Keava street is mostly residential area but by walking distance is access to public transportation, kindergarten and potential places for jobs. Keava 7a and 9 are municipal properties. Should there exist a will this work could step out of academic borders. Currently there is a warehouse building and design proposes to demolish it. The proposed solution has two separate building of which nearest to the street is mainly for services. Semi-basement floor houses parking spaces. Ground floor can be used as publicly accessible cafeteria or dining place. First floor up is having conference rooms and top floor can be used for office rooms. Residential house steps away from the street and is situated in south-north direction. This enables to lay out rooms optimally with center access hall and enough light for all living rooms. Every living room consists of WC, shower and small kitchen. Feeling of home is created with the help of open garden. It has fruit trees, and ability to grow greens and vegetables. Author wishes to thank tutors of this diploma work and all the people who helped to think it through and to understand underneath many layers of this seemingly straightforward phenomenon called homelessness.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Tomomi Hayashi
Co-advisor: Kaur Talpsep
Subjects: Architecture > Applied Architecture > Architectural Design
Divisions: Institute of Architecture > Applied Architecture
Depositing User: Priit Pihlamäe
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 12:58
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2019 07:42
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/4657

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