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Elektriautode osakaalu kasvu mõjuanalüüs

Voznjuk, Aleksander (2019) Elektriautode osakaalu kasvu mõjuanalüüs. [thesis] [en] Impact analysis of the increase in the share of electric cars.

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Abstract

Antud lõputööteema on Elektriautode osakaalu kasvu mõjuanalüüs. Selle teema eesmärgiks oli võrrelda elektriauto ja sisepõlemismootoriga auto eeliseid, puuduseid, hinna vahe, hooldust, keskkonnale mõju, mõju autoesindustele ja nende töötajatele. Elektriauto eelisteks võib tuua esikohale hea keskkonna mõju, väike müra tase ja hooldus vajadust. Tema peamisteks puudusteks võib tuua kõrge hind, pikk laadimis protsess ja madal läbisõit laetud akuga. Elektriautode mudelite arv kasvab. Mitmed suured autotootjad on viimasel ajal teatanud, et lähima aastakümne jooksul keskenduvad oluliselt elektriautode arendamisele. Nende hulgas on näiteks Nissan, Volkswagen, Audi, Kia. Nagu ka tavaliste autodega, hinnapoliitika elektriautodel on erinev. Elektriautode tootejad hakkavad rohkem tootma selliseid mudeleid, mida saaks lubada endale inimene keskmise sisetulekuga. Võrreldes sisepõlemismootor autoga, elektriautos on vähe mida remontida ja hooldusvajadus on piisavalt väike. Nende põhiline hooldus seisneb pidurikettade, klotside ja akude vahetamises. Neil puudub sisepõlemismootor, käigukast, sidur, mille tõttu mootori ja käigukasti hooldamine pole vajalik. Elektriautode kasutamine on kasulik ja see on meie tulevik kuna see on keskkonnasäästlik. Kui tulevikus elektriautode ja tavaliste autode arv oleks võrdne, siis võib eeldada, et autoteenindused teenivad vähem kui praegu. Selle põhjuseks on see, et elektriauto hooldamine võtab vähem aega. Tänu sellele väheneb ka tehnikute vajadus.

Abstract [en]

The following graduation thesis Impact analysis of the increase in the share of electric cars. The purpose of this topic was to compare the advantages, disadvantages, price difference, maintenance, environmental impact, impact on car dealers and their employees of electric car and internal combustion engine. The advantages of an electric car can give priority to the impact of a good environment, low noise levels and the need for maintenance. Its main drawbacks can be the high price, the long charging process and the low mileage with the charged battery. The number of electric car models is increasing. Several major car manufacturers have recently announced that they will be focusing heavily on the development of electric cars in the next decade. Examples include Nissan, Volkswagen, Audi, Kia. As with conventional cars, the pricing policy for electric cars is different. Electric car manufacturers are starting to produce more models that can be afforded by a person with an average income. Compared to an internal combustion engine with a car, there is little to be repaired in an electric car and maintenance is low enough. Their main maintenance is the replacement of brake discs, blocks and batteries. They do not have an internal combustion engine, a gearbox, a clutch that makes maintenance of the engine and gearbox unnecessary. The use of electric cars is beneficial and it is our future as it is environmentally friendly. If the number of electric cars and conventional cars in the future is equal, it can be assumed that car services will earn less than at present. This is because it takes less time to maintain the electric car. This also reduces the need for technicians.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Henri Vennikas
Subjects: Transport > Automotive engineering > Car construction
Divisions: Institute of Engineering > Automotive Engineering
Depositing User: Aleksander Voznjuk
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2019 12:38
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 07:31
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/4347

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