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Konteinervedude analüüs läbi AS Tallinna Sadam terminalide

Puura, Meelis (2014) Konteinervedude analüüs läbi AS Tallinna Sadam terminalide. [thesis] [en] Analysis of Containertrade through the Terminals of AS Tallinna Sadam.

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Abstract

Uurimustöö käigus on autor erinevate analüüside ning võrdluste toel selgitanud AS Tallinna Sadam konteinerterminalide positsiooni ja väljavaateid kaubavoogude teenindamisel, konteinerliinide Läänemere idapoolseimaks hub-sadamaks saamisel. Autori hinnangul on parimad väljavaated edule ning ka mõne konteinerliini hub-sadamaks saamisel võrreldud konteinersadamatest Klaipedal. AS Tallinna Sadam peamine konteinerterminal Muugal omab mõningaid looduslikke eelised faarvaatri ja sadamaala sügavuse näol, kuid külmemate talvede jääolukord seab kahtluse alla seatud graafikutest kinnipidamise. Konkurentidest selgelt kallimad sadama- ning terminalitasud ei soodusta võrreldava, kohati isegi madalama teenustaseme korral valiku langetamist Muuga kasuks. Kaubandussuhted Venemaaga on kõikuvat laadi, tingides mitte kõige sujuvama kaubavahetuse riikide vahel, riiklik sisetarbimine ning eksport kindlasti mitte sellisel tasemel, mis konteinerliine oma kontinentidevahelisi teenindusliine Muuga sadamani kohendama kutsuks. Samuti mõjutab Eesti konteinersadamate edukust Venemaa sadamate vahetu lähedus. Konteinervedude mahud on kasvanud koos turuga, kuid mitte enam, samme arenemiseks on astutud, kuid konkurentide sammud on olnud kiiremad, agressiivsemad ning tulutoovamad. Autor on toonud ära ettepanekud edasiseks arenguks ning konkurentsivõime tõstmiseks.

Abstract [en]

Liner based container shipping has been one of the primary enabling factors in the globalization of supply chains and plays a major role in modern global transportation of manufactured goods. Containerized cargo flows are expected to grow with ever-adapting containerports. Some brighter entrants have introduced themselves as major containertrade regions, Baltic Sea Region among them. Steady growth shown in recent years has brought Baltic Sea Region into a lot of container sector headlines with record of handled containers across the Baltic Sea region – over 9.5 milj. TEU in 2013. One generator of this impressive progress – Russia – remains vital part for containerbusinesses on the eastern coast. Cargo flows moving from or to Russia and other CIS countries set the scene for cargo transhipment in the Eastern Baltic with ports of the Baltic States and Finland competing for transit of CIS cargo between themselves and with key ports in Russia. Many want to follow the success story of Gdansk, conquer bigger market share. Apparently, allegations about the Baltic being one big containerfamily, do not have much common with reality – those who can, are pushing the tempo in order to get best prepared for moment, when another containerline finds conditions suitable for running a hub. So does AS Tallinna Sadam. Main purpose of this research was to study the capabilities and outlooks of selected containerports compared to terminal of AS Tallinna Sadam. It provides statistical and comparative analysis of key ports of Baltic States and Finland, summarizes geographic overview, governance and regulation affecting the ports of the region, as well as compares technical specifications of the infrastructure in containerports. As the competition between shipping lines remains intense and is driven by cost efficiency, the calculation and analysis of portdues, terminal charges and vessel operating costs is also included. Separately was abstracted and analysed future developments of containertrade in Baltic Sea Region in light of EU Sulphur Directive, empty container management perspectives in our surplus area and question what are the chances for containerport of AS Tallinna Sadam to attract major containerlines to extend their intercontinental service loops to Muuga. Conclusion holds several proposals for future development and identifies most acute problems to be dealt with.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Anton Paschkevich
Subjects: Transport > Sea transport
Divisions: Institute of Logistics > Transport and Logistics
Depositing User: Meelis Puura
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2014 08:08
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2014 08:08
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/431

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