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Kalaranna tanav 1 detailplaneering

Urb, Õnnela (2017) Kalaranna tanav 1 detailplaneering. [thesis] [en] 1st Kalaranna Street planning project.

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Abstract

1421. aastal asutati Tallinna vanim linnaosa, mille nimeks sai Kalamaja. Nimi tuleneb kohalikest kalameestest, kes elasid Suur-Patarei ning Väike-Patarei tänavatel ning oma saadusi mööda rannikut müüsid. 19. ning 20. sajandi jooksul muutus aga piirkond suurimaks kalurite poolt kaubanduse otstarbel kasutatud alaks ning selle tähistamiseks ehitati 1924-1925 sinna sadam. Nõukogude okupatsiooni ajal peatati aga täielikult piirkonna areng, lõpetati kaubandus, keelati ligipääs alale ning kogu rannajoon suleti. 2012-2015 aastatel sadam taasavati ning osad tegevused taastusid, kuid seni on Tallinn suuresti arenenud sisemaale, mis on jätnud rannajoone ning Kalaranna 1 tänava kinnistu suuresti muutumatuks. Seistes muutumata hakkasid kohalikud kasutama ala pargi ning suplusrannana. Sellest tulevalt oli projekti eesmärgiks välja töötada kontseptsioon, mis teenindaks nii piirkonna omanike kui ka pikaaegsete kasutajate huve. Kontseptsioon keskendub elukeskkonna arendamisele selliselt, et viimane rikastaks ümberkaudset linnaala ning kujundaks avaliku ruumi iseloomulikuks antud piirkonnale. See hõlmab endas rannajoone arendamist modernseks, elavaks ning rohkete vabaajaveetmise võimalustega alaks. Projekti tulemuseks on lahendus, kus korterelamud asetsevad Kalaranna tänava vahetus läheduses, 50-meetrise ehituskeelutsooni taga, kaitsmaks piirkonna rannajoont. Majade esimesed korrused moodustavad avatud äriruumi, mis võimaldab lihtsa liiklemisvoolu avalikku ruumi ning jätab kogu esimese korruse pinna avatuks kõigile. Erinevate suurustega korterid asuvad loodud ala kohal ning nende välimus on lahendatud topeltfassaadi ja vastanduva värviga esimesele korrusele. Sadam ning kalaturg on jäetud avatuks terves ulatuses, kus esimest korrust kasutatakse sadama tegevuste otstarbel ning teine ja kolmas korrus on kujundatud teenindamaks turu ja äri eesmärke. Rannaalale on kujundatud erinevad kergliiklusteed, osad kurvilised ning osad sirged, et rahuldada erinevat tüüpi jalakäijate kasutuseelistusi. Loodud avalik ruum on disainitud tagamaks lihtne läbipääs piirkonna erinevate osade vahel, kus sild mere kohal ühendab sadama ning kujundatud rannaala. Rannaalale on aga loodud rohkelt vabaajaveetmise võimalusi. Kodanike kasutada on kujundatud park, restoranid, rand, lasteväljakud, kiiged ning erinevad sporditegevused - rannavõrkpall, lauatennis, jalgrattasõit ja väligümnastika. Kokkuvõttes võib öelda, et ala on planeeritud mitmekülgseks elamiseks ning rannaalale iseloomulike tegevuste harrastamiseks ja on loodud inimestele üle kogu maailma, nii nagu see oli esialgu mõeldud.

Abstract [en]

On 1421, the oldest suburb of Tallinn, found its place on the map and was named Kalamaja. The origin of the name, which direct translation is Fishhouse, is due to the local fishermen who housed the area up in Suur-Patarei and Väike-Patarei Street and traded their goods alongside the coastline. During the 19th and 20th century the area grew to be the biggest trading area used by fishermen and to celebrate the occasion a harbour was built in 1924-1925. During the Soviet rule all activities, development of the area, trading and access to the outer world was banned and the coastline area was closed down. In 2012-2015 the harbour was reopened and some activities recovered. But until now Tallinn has developed inland, leaving the coastline and 1st Kalaranna Street unchanged. The goal of the project is to develop a concept that would serve the interests of both the owners and long-time users of the Kalaranna 1 area. Since the area has not seen development for quite some time the locals feel ownership towards the area and have used it as a park and as a beach for a long time. Addressing the needs of both parties the concept focuses on developing a living area that enriches the surrounding city space and on creating a public space that enables the essential activities which characterise the area. This entails designing the coastline to be modern, vibrant and with various possibilities for recreational activities. This combination will help the area to flourish and make it attractive for home owners and businesses alike. The result consists of an approach where apartment buildings are planned near Kalaranna Street, behind the 50-meter building restriction line to protect the coastline in a way that the buildings form an open business space in their first floor and a continuous flow to the public space and coastline, leaving all the areas on the ground level openly accessible. Various size apartments are above the created open space and their appearance is solved with movable shades and with an opposing colour form the ground level solutions. The harbour and fish market area is opened entirely, where its ground floor is used for harbour activities and the second and third floor are designed for market and business purposes. According to the user preference and time spent on the area, the beach paths are designed both curved and straight, aiming to suit the different needs of pedestrians. The public space is designed for a fast walk through, creating a bridge over the water, and for an intended visit to experience the designed parks, courts, restaurants, local businesses, the beach and some outdoor activities such as volleyball, table tennis, on site bicycle rides, swings, sport bars, a variety of kid’s playgrounds and picnics. To sum up, the planned area is designed for living and for experiencing different attractions and activities and is meant for people all over the world as it was firstly intended.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Hindrek Kesler
Subjects: Architecture > Applied Architecture > Architectural Design
Divisions: Institute of Architecture > Applied Architecture
Depositing User: Õnnela Urb
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2017 12:23
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 12:23
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/3190

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