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Niguliste pastoraat

Kurg, Kristin (2017) Niguliste pastoraat. [thesis] [en] Pastorage of St. Nicholas' Church.

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Abstract

Tallinna vanalinn on ajaloolise kultuuriväärtusega linnaosa, mis moodustab ühtse terviku ja omapärase miljöö. Keskaegsed hooned on omamoodi kunstiteosed ning koosluses moodustuvad need maalilise pildi. Ühtse linnaosana lisandub neile unikaalsust veelgi ja selle tõttu kuulub Tallinna vanalinn UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekirja. Siiski eksisteerib vanalinnas tühimikke, mis vajaksid täitmist, et taastada keskkaegne linnaruumiline olukord. Üheks selliseks kohaks on Niguliste kiriku ja Rootsi-Mihkli kiriku vaheline ala, kus kunagi paiknes Niguliste pastoraat. Ala asub Teises Maailmasõjas hävinud Harju tänava hoonestiku kõrval, kus tänapäeval paikneb Harjumäe haljasala. Selle sajandi jooksul on kavandatud Tallinna vanalinna mitmeid omanäolisi uusehitisi. Nüüdseks on võetud hoiak Kultuuriväärtuste Ameti poolt, et uued hooned tuleks projekteerida rohkem ajaloolisusele tuginedes, säilitades kunagiste ehitiste mahud ja tänava fassaadide ilmed. Niiviisi loodetakse taastada vanalinnale omane mulje ja uusehitise sobivus keskkonda. Diplomitöö ülesanne on kavandada asukohale kaasaegse arhitektuuriga hoone. Eesmärk on eristada vana ja uut arhitektuuri, väljendades selgesti aastate erisust. Samas toetutakse ajaloolisele hoonele ning nende mahtudele, mis säilitaks hoonestustiheduse ning ruumilise üldmulje. Projektiga on otsitud kesktee kaasaegse arhitektuuri ja väärtusliku ajaloo vahel. Tuginedes endistele mahtudele, on vastukaaluks loodud tänapäevaste lahendustega fassaadid. Nende kahe aspekti kooslus võiks olla lahendus ajaloolisse konteksti projekteerimisel.

Abstract [en]

Tallinn Old Town is a beloved historical parish, constituting a single whole and a unique environment. The medieval buildings are a masterpiece creating a remarkable scenic view. As a unified city district The Tallinn Old Town is even more exclusive and listed at the UNESCO world heritage site. However there are still some vacant landscapes to exploit in order to reconstruct the authentic composition of the medieval city. One of those locations is the area between St. Nicholas' Church and St Michael's Church, where once was placed the pastorage of St. Nicholas. The landscape is situated near Harju street where the buildings were destroyed during the Second World War. Today the Harjumäe area is used as a public space. During this century a lot of unique new buildings have been planned to Tallinn Old Town. But in order to preserve the medieval architecture the Tallinn Department of Culture stands for heritage conservation, stating the specific criteria to be met for newly designed buildings. In this case the capacities as well as the exterior look of the historical buildings have to be retained. This is how the ambience of Tallinn Old Town should be maintained when composing new constructions. The thesis is concentrating to design a modern architecture building for the between St. Nicholas' Church and St Michael's Church. The objective is to distinguish the differences between the ancient and the modern architecture design, clearly representing the diversity of the two eras. On the other hand the historical design as well as the building capacities have been taken into an account in order to preserve the urban density. The project is contemplating the balance between the modern architecture and the ancient history. In return of the former building capacities the modern interpretation for the exterior have been developed. These are the two predefined key aspects for the design process.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Tomomi Hayashi
Co-advisor: Elo Kiivet
Subjects: Architecture > Applied Architecture > Architectural Design
Divisions: Institute of Architecture > Applied Architecture
Depositing User: Kristin Kurg
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2017 12:09
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 12:09
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/3164

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