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Auto toitesüsteemi täiustamine raha säästmiseks

Tšassovskihh, Artjom (2015) Auto toitesüsteemi täiustamine raha säästmiseks. [thesis] [en] Improvement of car fuel system for the purpose of saving money.

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Abstract

Käesolevas lõputöös püstitatud probleem seisnes selles, et sõiduauto muutub liiklusvahendist luksusesemeks. Iga aastaga tõusev kütuse hind ja sõiduki keskmine läbisõit paneb tavalise kodaniku maksma iga aastaga rohkem kütuse eest, kuid palgad jäävad samale tasemele. Selles töös näidati mõned võimalused, kuidas saab oma isikliku sõiduvahendi toitesüsteemi muuta, et säästa kütuseraha. Kasutusele võeti gaasiseade, mille kasutamist peetakse odavaks, ja veepritsesüsteem, mis ühelt poolt täiustab gaasiseadet ja lahendab selle probleemi, teiselt poolt annab veel kütuserahas võitu. Kokku annavad mõlemad süsteemid võimaluse vähendada oma kütusekulusid rohkem kui kaks korda. Enne täiustamist oli 100 km hind 7.8 eurot, pärast 3.52 eurot. Projekti käigus teostati sõiduauto toitesüsteemis vajalikud muudatused. Töös on olemas kirjeldused ja lühitutvustused gaasiseadmest, selle komponentidest, komponentide vajadusest ja terve süsteemi tööpõhimõttest. Samuti seletatakse selles töös, kuidas on võimalik kasutada tavalist vett energiaallikana. Maanteekatsete käigus selgus, et võrreldes algse seisuga on toitesüsteemi täiustamisega saavutatud materiaalne sääst 55%. Tulemus 3.52 eurot/100 km on väga madal ja odav. Sellist tulemust ei saavuta isegi väikeauto klassi kuuluva diiselmootoriga sõidukiga. Nüüd saab auto tagasi oma eesmärgi: auto on liiklusvahend, mitte enam luksusese.

Abstract [en]

In today’s world the most inportant feature of vehicle is fuel consumption. Just think, 20 years ago 1l of gasoline was available at 0.002% of citizen’s average salary. Nowadays it has increased by 9 times. Moreover we use personal vehicle more often. This demands car manufacturers design more economical engines. However a few of them can show us average fuel consumption, which is less than 8 l/100km. The problem brought up in this diploma work is that nowadays personal vehicle is no more means of transport, but luxury. Every year the price of fuel rises. Usual citizen pay over 25% of his salary to by fuel for his car. Here are shown possible solutions how you can improove a fuel system of your car to pay less for fuel. One of the ways is to install a gas equipment for the car. It is supposed, that gas equipment is one of the most efficient ways to solve this problem. In this work you will realise what are the main components of gas equipment, how it works. Moreover, you will see, how you can use water and water injection system to decrease your expenses for fuel. If both systems work together, they can show incredible result. You can save 55% of your cash. This means, that in case of this test car, driving 100km costs 7.8€. After fuel system improovement it will cost only 3.52€ for the same distance. During this project some changes were made in the fuel system of test car. You can find here the information about how gas equipment work, what are the components of gas equioment and why they are so important. In addition, you will find how you can use water as a source of energy for your car. All in all the result of this work can afford less wealthy segment of population to use personal vehicle considering the fact, that the purchasing of fuel can be decreased 55%.

Item Type: thesis
Advisor: Aimar Lukk
Subjects: Transport > Automotive engineering > Car construction > Internal combustion engine
Transport > Automotive engineering > Car construction > Road testing of cars
Divisions: Institute of Engineering > Automotive Engineering
Depositing User: Artjom Tšassovskihh
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2016 09:58
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2016 09:58
URI: http://eprints.tktk.ee/id/eprint/1736

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